Following their high-powered sponsorship and promotion in 2015, Cal’s Manufacturing will once again sponsor the prestigious Jamaica Derby at Caymanas Park on Saturday, June 25.Plans for the big day were outlined at yesterday’s promotional press launch in the Trainers’ Room at Caymanas Park. Cal’s marketing manager, Sabrina Thomas, disclosed that her company donated $2 million to the race day, including $1.5 million to the $7 million derby purse.This will be the 96th running of the premier classic for the Sir John Mordecai Trophy, and it marks Cal’s Manufacturing’s third stint as sponsors. The first was in 2011 when TECHNOMOTO scored a stunning upset.”We are indeed happy once again to launch Cal’s Derby Watch six weeks before the race for promotional activities,” said Thomas. “We are excited about the venture, and this intense and extensive promotion is to bring about the buzz and awareness of Cal’s Jamaica Derby 2016,” she added.According to Thomas, among the list of activities scheduled to start on May 13 are live roving reports and interviews in the stands with patrons and on-the-spot giveaways and promotions at six off-track locations by the Cal’s team every Saturday leading up to the big day.Racing secretary DenziL Miller Jr said 11 races would be offered on the day, with Cal’s donating $500,000 for the $180,000 claiming race over a mile, boosting the purse to $1 million, and the CTL Juvenile Cup for maiden two-year-olds with a purse of $850,000. The derby field will include Triple Crown contenders NUCLEAR AFFAIR and FUTURE KING, respective winners of the Post to Post 1000 and 2000 Guineas on April 9.Cedric Stewart, chief executive officer of Caymanas Track Limited, said it was heartwarming at this early stage to participate in the promotional launch of Cal’s Jamaica Derby.”We welcome back CEO Carlton Watson and his hard-working team. Their contribution to the Jamaica Derby has showcased the prestige and capabilities of horse racing through their promotional activities to the wider community across the island,” he said.- O. C.
O’Quinn with a putback slam! Beasley gets MVP chants. Tied game at 68 after three quarters. #NBA pic.twitter.com/gjS7X0lzG3— INQUIRER Sports (@INQUIRERSports) December 22, 2017The Knicks are 1-5 without Porzingis this season, but the Latvian center was hardly a factor in the victory as he only registered a point and five rebounds in 23 minutes in his first game back after dealing with a sore left knee.The Knicks star, though, has generally not performed well against the Celtics. In the Knicks’ 110-89 loss last October 24 at the TD Garden in Boston, Porzingis shot just 3-of-14 as they fell to 0-3.“He hadn’t played in 7 days, it’s always tough to come back from that. He just had one of those nights. I’m sure he wanted to come out and play well, but the team won and he’s happy about that,” said the New York coach.Enes Kanter added 14 points and 10 boards while Courtney Lee and Jarrett Jack, who were responsible for the Knicks’ hot start where they led by as much as 14 in the opening period, had 12 markers apiece.Kyrie Irving matched Beasley’s game best 32 points, but the Celtics still lost their second straight game after falling to Miami, 90-89, on Wednesday at home. Meralco ‘never the same’ after Almazan injury in PBA Finals New York Knicks’ Michael Beasley (8) celebrates after scoring a three point shot during the second half of an NBA basketball game against the Boston Celtics at Madison Square Garden in New York, Thursday, Dec. 21, 2017. (AP Photo/Andres Kudacki)NEW YORK — Kristaps Porzingis received the loudest cheers during the player introductions as he returned from a two-game absence.But by the end of the night, Madison Square Garden was chanting another name.ADVERTISEMENT Brian Heruela arrival bolsters Phoenix backcourt, defense MOST READ “It is what it is. It happens,” Irving said. “So for now, presently, where we are, just pick ourselves up and move on to I believe, Chicago (on) Saturday.”The Knicks face the Detroit Pistons on Friday before facing the Philadelphia 76ers at home on Christmas Day.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Michael Beasley earned deafening “MVP! MVP!” chants after steering the New York Knicks past the NBA’s league-best Boston Celtics, 102-93, Thursday night here.Beasley came alive in the third quarter and took over for the Knicks after Kyrie Irving gave the Celtics their first lead of the night that ballooned to as big as nine with over three minutes left to play in the period.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folk Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award LATEST STORIES OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Redemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie Thompson Scottie Thompson also worthy of Finals MVP, thinks Cone View comments Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew MVP chants for Beas. He can’t miss, even from the stripe. #NBA pic.twitter.com/GvIeHDwbrW— INQUIRER Sports (@INQUIRERSports) December 22, 2017 Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina He scored six of the Knicks’ last 11 points that tied the game at 68 at the end of third, and New York continued to ride his hot hand in the final quarter, where Beasley poured 18 points to keep the Celtics at bay.With Al Horford hounding him, Beasley pulled up from 12 feet to push the lead to 99-91 with over a minute left and virtually seal the Knicks’ first victory over their Atlantic Division rival in three tries.“Mike, he can do a lot of things with the ball. He can go right, he can go left. He was the second pick in the draft 10 years ago. He’s talented and you all saw that tonight,” said coach Jeff Hornacek.Beasley exploded for 32 points on 13-of-20 shooting and added 12 rebounds off the bench, making him the first sub for the Knicks to have scored 32 and 12 according to Associated Press.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Ben Mbala leaves La Salle, joins Mexican ball club OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ’a duplicitous move’ – Lacson
This year’s event will have room for 35 men’s teams, and new for this year is the introduction of the Sapphire Cup which will feature five women’s teams.Registration costs run at $200 per team, and registration is open until January 30 at 5 p.m. Forms can be picked up at, and returned to the Fort St. John Leisure Pool.Those looking for more information on the event can visit the official website by clicking here. – Advertisement –
Jackson turned himself in last week after a bench warrant was issued for his arrest. He was ordered jailed after he skipped court appearances for a probation violation hearing, but he posted bond Feb. 1. Grizzlies signing: Guard Lorinza Harrington signed a 10-day contract with the Memphis Grizzlies, who released him before the start of this season. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Carmelo Anthony is going to the All-Star Game after all. The NBA’s leading scorer was picked by commissioner David Stern on Friday as an injury replacement and will make his first All-Star Game appearance on Feb. 18 in LasVegas. Stern also added Dallas forward Josh Howard to the Western Conference team. He needed to replace Houston center Yao Ming and Utah forward Carlos Boozer, who will be unable to play because of injuries. Howard also is a first-time All-Star, giving the team with the NBA’s best record twoplayers in the game. Phoenix and San Antonio, the Mavericks’ closest pursuers, each have multiple All-Stars. Howard is averaging 19.6points and 7.3 rebounds. “It is an honor to be selected to my first All-Star Team,” Howard said in a statement. “This has been a dream of mine since I was a kid. It is especially gratifying to play alongside my teammate Dirk Nowitzki.” Person charged in brawl violated probation: The only person charged with a felony in the November 2004 brawl during a Pacers-Pistons game at The Palace of Auburn Hills will spend the next six months in jail after a judge determined he violated his probation. Bryant Jackson was found guilty of a probation violation by Oakland County Judge Rae Lee Chabot on Wednesday because he did not attend anger management classes or pay $6,000 in restitution. Anthony averages an NBA-high 30.8 points, but wasn’t voted in by the fans and then wasn’t chosen as a reserve by West coaches. He was undoubtedly hurt by missing 15 games when Stern suspended him for his role in the brawl at Madison Square Garden in December. “I was remaining optimistic a little bit,” Anthony said. “I wish it would have happened earlier. I didn’t want to think about it that much, but I’m glad it happened. It’s an honor.”
@bobzimmermp location location Bob. Also pro-salmon. Petronas in terrible location. You pro salmon?Advertisement Last week, residents and contractors took to the streets in Terrace to voice their support for LNG projects broadly, and with an immediate focus on the Pacific Northwest LNG project on Lelu Island. Federal environment minister Catherine McKenna’s decision on the project is due by March 22.From the very start, many in the region wondered why Petronas, the Malaysian state-owned energy company, and the federal and provincial governments chose Lelu, a site that is much more expensive to build on and much more damaging to wild salmon habitat and the entire Skeena River system.He has suggested the Pacific NorthWest LNG project move its proposed location from Lelu Island to Ridley Island – a move that Zimmer says would require a complete environmental review, delaying the project even further and put thousands of jobs in his riding at risk.“This has left many local residents wondering if Mr. Cullen is truly supportive of LNG or if it is just lip service,” Zimmer wrote.Advertisement Zimmer was one of the speakers at FSJ for LNG’s truck rally last week, where he urged residents to keep writing to the Feds in support of LNG projects. Rallies were also held in Terrace and Fort Nelson, and he said it could have been an ‘opportunity for Mr. Cullen to come forward and truly show his support for the industry and the thousands of jobs it would create.’Following Cullen sharing what appears to be an anti-LNG message seen in Ottawa, he and Zimmer had an exchange on Twitter.@nathancullen Thought you were pro LNG…didn’t you campaign on that in Prince Rupert?— Bob Zimmer MP (@bobzimmermp) March 16, 2016 FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. — Local MP Bob Zimmer is challenging a northwestern B.C. MP’s support of LNG projects, specifically Pacific NorthWest LNG, and the economy in the north.In an op-ed penned by Zimmer, the member of parliament for Prince George – Peace River – Northern Rockies, he scrutinized new democrat Skeena – Bulkley Valley MP Nathan Cullen for acting contrary to his statements and only suggesting ‘unnecessary road blocks and proudly supporting Anti-LNG messages.’“While he claims to be supportive of LNG projects, Mr. Cullen’s actions don’t seem to make that the case,” said Zimmer.- Advertisement -Cullen had written in a letter on his website, in which he outlines his support for ‘smart and carefully selected LNG projects,’ as they can can create thousands of jobs in the Northwest’s economy.“Like many people in the Northwest, I support smart industrial development that meets the standards of rigorous science and has First Nations and community backing,” the NDP member of parliament wrote.The letter acknowledges the pro-LNG Truck Rally that happened in Terrace last week, and hints at Cullen’s disapproval of the Pacific NorthWest LNG project’s proposed location on Lelu Island, which he has had a public stance.Advertisement @nathancullen Good science is good science no? Strange way to support #BCLNG by opposing projects that have passed environmental process.— Bob Zimmer MP (@bobzimmermp) March 17, 2016Zimmer concludes his letter by stating that B.C. LNG has the’ massive potential’ to provide a positive impact on global air pollution.“Electricity generated by natural gas has 50 per cent fewer greenhouse gas emissions than coal-generated electricity, making it the cleaner option,” he states, adding that countries like China, India and others would be able to breathe cleaner air as a result.“If LNG projects in British Columbia are completed, Asia would see a massive reduction of emissions and be a positive for our global environment.”In his letter, Cullen also points out the open letter that 130 scientists wrote to Ottawa, urging federal Environment Minister Catherine McKenna to reject a ‘scientifically-flawed’ report on the project.The $36-billion Pacific NorthWest LNG project, proposed by Petronas, has been delayed for at least another three months to allowed for the company to design pollution-prevention plans. @nathancullen stringent CEAA process approved it, no? How many jobs does being against #BCLNG create in Prince Rupert, Kitimat, BC etc?— Bob Zimmer MP (@bobzimmermp) March 16, 2016 @bobzimmermp only used company science. Since refuted by 150+ top marine scientists. You guys broke the system. Own up— Nathan Cullen (@nathancullen) March 17, 2016Advertisement — Nathan Cullen (@nathancullen) March 16, 2016
Manchester United want Sergio Ramos to be included in any deal taking David De Gea to Real Madrid, according to reports.The Spain star, who won the World Cup in 2010 and the European Championship in 2008 and 2012, is reportedly unhappy at the Bernabeu.Barcelona presidential candidate Jordi Majo claims he has been indirectly offered the former Sevilla star and, while Real Madrid did not deny the story, the player’s camp did.That has reportedly upset the 29-year-old, who can play at centre-back or right-back, and he is ready to make a move to the Premier League.Ramos, who contract expires in 2017, has a €180m (£128m) buy-out clause in his contract but could be included in a deal which sees De Gea move back to the Spanish capital. 1 Sergio Ramos
South Africa is home to many world-class universities and colleges. But tertiary education is expensive. How are you going to pay for your studies?Students at the University of Cape Town, one of South Africa’s most prestigious – and expensive – higher education institutions. (Image: Brand South Africa)South Africa also has a wide range of private colleges, where tuition fees can be higher than at the subsidised public institutions.Be sure to consider your options before deciding how to pay for your studies, and apply for any award or bursary for which you’re eligible.University financial aidNational financial aidExternal bursariesStudent loansBursaries for teachersPaying your own wayWebsites with bursary informationUniversity financial aidIf you have already enrolled at a university, or are considering doing so, their financial aid office should be your first stop. (See the list of university websites on the right.)Most universities offer bursaries or grants to students that have excelled in their previous studies, or on the sports field.Check with your university’s financial aid office whether you are eligible for any of these bursaries or awards, and make sure that you apply before the closing date, which is usually in October of the year preceding the start of your studies. Some can be as early as March, so it’s worth checking the date.The NSFAS website carries a comprehensive list of the contact details of South African educational institutionsNational financial aidIf you are a South African citizen you may be eligible for a National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) loan for study at one of the country’s public higher education institutions.The NSFAS, a statutory body funded by the Department of Higher Education and Training, provides study loans to academically able but financially needy students.Much of an NSFAS loan can be converted into a bursary, which does not then need to be repaid, depending on one’s academic progress. A 100% pass rate would result in a 40% bursary rebate on an NSFAS loan.External bursariesMany South African companies as well as provincial government departments offer bursaries to promising students.The terms of these bursaries vary tremendously. Contract bursaries require you to “pay back’ the bursary by working at the company once you’ve completed your degree – giving you a job and work experience immediately after your graduation. Many mining and engineering companies, in particular, provide contract bursaries.A booklet known as the Bursary Register is published every year and includes a full list of bursaries available in your particular field. Copies are available at most high schools and university financial aid officesStudent loansAll of South Africa’s major banks offer student loans, both to South Africans and to non-South Africans with valid study permits. Bank loans, unlike NSFAS loans, will also cover studies at a private institution.When applying for a bank loan, you will have to show proof of registration at an educational institution. You’ll also need somebody, such as a parent or guardian, to sign surety for you.Although you will only need to start repaying your bank loan once you’ve completed your studies, you will need to keep up the interest payments throughout the term of the loan.Bursaries for teachersFunza Lushaka is a government-funded bursary scheme aimed at promoting teaching in public schools.Students planning to complete a teaching qualification (in a subject area identified as a national priority by the Department of Basic Education) can apply for full-cost bursaries – which cover the cost of tuition, books as well as living expenses.Recipients of these bursaries have to be South African citizens and will be required to teach at a public school for the same number of years that they receive the bursary. While recipients may request to be placed at a school in a particular province, they cannot choose the school.Note that you need a student number to apply for a bursary and you can apply for a Funza Lushaka bursary through your university.See the Funza Lushaka website for more information.Considering social work as a career? Apply for a full-service bursary from the Department of Social Development.Paying your own wayYou can also choose to pay your own way. By taking a year off to work before studying, or by working part-time while pursuing your studies, you can gain valuable work experience while earning to finance your degree.You’ll have to be disciplined, however, to make sure that you set aside enough time for both your studies and your work, and to make sure that you don’t fall behind in either.Websites with bursary informationGoStudy SA: lists bursaries according to field of study and includes bursary values, as well as a link to specific sites.Funding opportunities from the National Research Foundation, which is one of the Department of Science and Technology’s key science councils.Brand South Africa reporterUpdated: 16 April 2012Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
14 July 2015Three young elephants initially captured in western Zimbabwe for export to China have been taken to an elephant orphanage in Harare, a wildlife group claimed yesterday.The three – two males and a female – were left behind when 24 calves were controversially shipped to China last weekend.Wildlife At Risk International (WAR) said the three all had injuries sustained before they were captured at the end of last year. “A tail is missing, part of a trunk gone, all injuries sustained while still free in the wild,” the group said.The Zimbabwe Elephant Nursery announced on 11 July that it had taken in three calves, though it did not say where the elephants came from. But the description of the new elephants now being sheltered by the orphanage matches the description of the rescued calves given by WAR.Rehabilitation and releaseThe orphanage said in a post to Facebook that the animals were “calm and well” and would be rehabilitated before being released back into the wild.News that the three elephants are now safe in an orphanage has been greeted with delight by animal lovers. One reader posted to WAR’s Facebook page: “Out of tragedy comes a small ray of light. This is the best news since this whole terrible nightmare started.”“So glad these babies are safe,” wrote another.The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (Cites) said that the 24 elephants sent to Chimelong Safari Park in Guangdong Province in China last weekend had travelled under “valid and authentic” export permits.Free range settingThe Cites secretariat said it had received assurances that the exported calves would be kept “in a free range setting” and would not be used in circus-type performances. But the park they will live in is tiny in comparison to the vast Hwange National Park they come from, measuring only 1.3km2, it has emerged.Zimbabwe’s current elephant population was far too large at around 80 000, the government said, and it needed the money it could raise from the sale of elephants to fund anti-poaching activities.Activists in Zimbabwe have vowed to fight against any future shipment of elephants. “This selling of national assets and heritage is not going to go away – all signs are that it will become much, much worse,” said a bulletin from a group calling itself Concerned Citizens Lobbying Against the Capture of Zimbabwe’s Wild Animals.Source: News24Wire
Nutritional value: off the chartsOur main animal protein sources are pigs, chickens, cows and fish, with each animal and cut of meat providing a unique nutritional profile. According to Daniella, the same is true in the insect world. The flavors vary incredibly from red ants to silk worm pupae to crickets to grasshoppers, and so does nutritional value.Per 100 grams of lean beef, you can get 27.4 grams of protein and 3.5 mg of iron. The same quantity of caterpillars would give you 28.2 grams of protein and 35.5 mg of iron, with little fat. Crickets offer 12.9 grams of protein, 5.5 grams of fat, 5.1 grams of carbs, and an incredible 75.8 mg of calcium. As you can see, it’s not just about protein, as people commonly think.According to Martin, athletes and body builders who eat “scientifically” are very predisposed to insects, because of the variety of nutritional value offered, and the fact that it’s packaged as a whole food, not just an isolated supplement. Efficiency at converting feed to foodInsects are much more efficient than other forms of livestock at converting food and water into edible body mass. Says Daniella, “Many commonly farmed insect species require several times less food, 100 times less land space, and 1,000 times less water than beef to create the same amount of food.” While cows spend a lot of their energy just staying warm, insects are ectotherms, or cold-blooded creatures. Insects contribute far fewer greenhouse gases like methane to the atmosphere than livestock do, and don’t require deforestation or other development. Cattle-farming, by contrast, is the cause of 70% of deforestation, according to common figures, and is a larger contributor to global warming than driving cars.Bugs require so little space that an insect farm can be started in a closet or an old 55-gallon drum, and insects can be raised on food that people throw away: leaves, food scraps, and bran, for example.While our common livestock are stressed out and made sick by factory-farming conditions, insects are accustomed to being raised in tight quarters, and can be farmed in great density without apparent stress. As ectotherms, they are killed by cold temperatures. Daniella puts insects she farms or traps into a jar in the freezer (saying a brief prayer, she notes), killing them. They then come out of the freezer and into the frying pan, oven, or wok.I stopped by the local outdoor outfitters today for a butterfly net — they didn’t have one, but they did sell me a finely meshed fishing net. While she’s visiting us, Daniella is hoping to use it to catch some local grasshoppers or crickets, which she says you can treat pretty much like shrimp. I am hoping to get over the “ew” factor. How about you?Update: I got over it. Sauteed, local grasshoppers are great! And waxmoth larvae make a great snack.Tristan Roberts is Editorial Director at BuildingGreen, Inc., in Brattleboro, Vermont, which publishes information on green building solutions.Note: I hope that GBA readers enjoyed this week’s jaunt away from the built environment. You can’t say you didn’t ask for it, AJ. (See my recent post on Utility Wind Energy: Bad News for Bears). Did we evolve to eat bugs?Daniella is convinced that this “cultural thing” goes against our nature: insects are “a deeply native food.” She asked, “If you think of primates using their first tools, what do you think of?” I thought of of chimps using sticks to get termites out of their nests, and then devour them. Daniella describes herself as someone with food issues — lactose-intolerant, allergic to alcohol, but she has never had a problem eating insects. “It feels from an organic level that we are biologically evolved to eat bugs,” she says.If you don’t feel that you were evolved to dip into some grubs, there are some other reasons why you might consider it. Introducing entomophagy: Eating insectsA growing number of people are trying to introduce a new concept, however: entomophagy, for entomo- (insects) plus -phagy (eat). Yes, they are suggesting that we should purposefully eat insects as food, and that there are good ethical, environmental, nutritional, and culinary reasons for doing so.I had the chance this week to talk with Daniella Martin, host of the website GirlMeetsBug.com, and a leading teacher and promoter of the topic. Although it’s difficult to know for sure, Daniella quotes a common estimate that 80% of the world practices insect-eating — and as a delicacy, not just “famine food.” Why, I asked her, are Americans so squeamish about something that is so commonly accepted elsewhere?“Every culture has its identity,” she told me. “For Muslims, not eating pork is part of their identity — for Hindus, not eating beef. For most Americans, by the time we are 9 or 10 years old we don’t even remember where we got the idea that bugs are gross. It’s simply part of our cultural identity to not eat bugs.” The Large Blue Butterfly, found in Europe, lays its eggs on a marsh gentian leaf. Its larva (a caterpillar) hatches and falls to the ground and emits a scent that smells to certain species of ant just like its own larvae. The ants carry the caterpillar back to their nest, where they not only care for it as one of their own, but as one of their own that is going to turn into a queen. Meanwhile, the caterpillar is eating the actual ant larvae and growing large.Enter the ichneumon wasp, which can somehow detect ant colonies that have been invaded in this way. The wasp flies into the ant colony and sprays a pheromone that causes the ants to attack each other. In the melee, the wasp finds the caterpillar in the larval chamber and injects its own eggs into the caterpillar. Those eggs later hatch during the butterfly’s chrysalis stage, consuming it from the inside and later coming forth as wasps.Interactions like these between ants and other species are so common that there is a word for them: myrmecophily.Interactions between Americans and insects are also very common, and are known by the following words: gross, EEW!, splat, and squish.
A 12-hour shutdown against life imprisonment awarded to 10 extremists in the October 2008 serial blasts case affected normal life across Assam on Thursday and fuelled demands for a separate Bodoland State.A special CBI court had on Wednesday handed life sentences to Ranjan Daimari, chairman of National Democratic Front of Boroland, and nine others for the blasts that killed 88 and injured 540 persons. Four others were found to have served twice the five-year term prescribed for crimes they were found to have committed, while another was acquitted.The NDFB-R called the shutdown in protest against the verdict which it said was discriminatory since leaders of other extremist groups — especially the United Liberation Front of Asom allegedly catering to Assamese sentiments — were let off after committing similar crimes in view of the peace talks.Transport disruptionThe People’s Joint Action Committee for Bodoland supported the shutdown whose impact was felt most in four western and north-central districts governed by the Bodoland Territorial Council. The disruption of rail and road transport affected other parts since Kokrajhar, one of these four districts, links Assam to the rest of the country.“We are not happy with the judgment, which was biased and partial. It may derail the peace process [with the NDFB-R and the NDFB-Progressive, a faction led by Gobinda Basumatary]… The efforts will go waste if Bodo organisations renew their demand for dividing Assam,” PJACB leader Gorjon Mushahary said.The demand for Bodoland started in 1967. It morphed into an armed conflict in 1986 after the formation of the Bodo Security Force, which was renamed the NDFB in 1994. It split more than a decade later.Soon after the verdict on Wednesday, shops and business establishments closed in Udalguri district, the stronghold of the NDFB-R.