They further claim

They further claim that the contractors have no permission to work at night. “Mark my words,the 9 consecutive victories (including the win in the unofficial match against Bhutan) is bound to get make the rival team a bit concerned” said Vijayan “But the danger stays that in such a situation the team tends to get a bit carried away and be complacent In that case you will dig your own grave” For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Top NewsNew Delhi: Anti consumer Yes that is what government’s latest move to define e-commerce allow 100% FDI in the marketplace model and insert needless riders on the sector amounts to Why is the government or specifically mandarins of Udyog Bhawan bothered about the deep discounts etailers have been doling out till now Etailers should know their business best and if they are able to suck in losses while continuing to offer deep discounts on products as varied as toothpaste and diamond jewellery why should the government have a problem Heck why should the establishment make a distinction between models of etailing – marketplace or inventory-lead – either Because the truth is an inventory-lead model of etailing is probably a faster route to profitability compared with the marketplace model Besides inventory-lead also allows the Make-in-India concept to take root as retailers can then source private labels from SMEs In short the government has done etailers no favour by favouring the marketplace model and imposing restrictions on pricing discounts warranty etc when it has still kept other retail models out of the FDI ambit In a press note yesterday the government announced the following: a) 100% FDI under automatic route permitted in the “marketplace model of e-commerce b) Marketplace e-commerce entity may enter into transactions with its registered sellers on B2B basis c) Marketplace e-commerce entity may provide logistic warehousing order fulfilment call centre payment collection and other services d) More than 25% of the total sales should not be done by one vendor or its group companies e) The name address and contact details of seller should be clearly mentioned f) The seller shall be responsible for post sales warranty and guarantee of goods sold by it g) Marketplace e-commerce entity should not influence the pricing of goods sold on its platform It is the last stipulation which has caused the maximum consternation among etailers whatever their public statements might have been last evening Discounts are the lifeline of etailing in India much like other countries According to a story in Mint newspaper this morning imaginative methods used by Flipkart Snapdeal and Amazon India in funding discounts may have been outlawed via this press note The story says Amazon funds discounts by sellers indirectly through a route it calls promotional funding “This it how it works: Amazon recommends the amount of discounts to its sellers on products but doesn’t force them to adopt these suggested prices Sellers however end up keeping these suggested prices because Amazon finances the discounts At the end of a certain period sellers send a debit note to Amazon This note contains the amount of discount that the seller gave on apparel electronics toys and other products sold on the site Amazon then pays the seller by cheque” The press note issued yesterday virtually gives legitimacy to the circuitous etail format entrepreneurs had devised to bypass earlier FDI restrictions The government had been going around in circles over drafting policy for the e-commerce sectors for years In fact retail trade has been a bane for successive governments which have tried to introduce insane clauses by dividing the industry into various formats and then selectively barred foreign investors from investing in India besides also placing myriad restrictions in formats where FDI is allowed Babus believe they have been acting in the interests of the mom and pop stores the kirana stores which provide livelihood to vast swathes of Indians But at least the big boys of India’s e-commerce segment have been doing business oblivious to complete ban on foreign direct investment (FDI) in retail by devising a unique model called marketplace Since till yesterday no definition of this model existed in any policy related to the retail trade this oversight had been used by etail giants to set up their businesses with active participation of foreign investors They have been saying that the marketplace model allows them to offer a platform for retailers to connect with buyers and that they own no inventory so there is no question of flouting norms Technically of course there guys including Snapdeal and Flipkart were right By allowing 100% FDI in the marketplace model this government has addressed just one pain point in the retail industry Arvind Singhal of retail consultancy Technopak points out that contrary to the euphoria among brick and mortar retailers over the government’s latest move there is no level playing field being created by merely allowing 100% FDI in marketplace model of e-commerce “The brick and mortar stores are still not permitted to get foreign investment Besides I would say the inventory lead model should be encouraged since it helps the government’s own Make-in-India drive This model allows etailers to take inventory risks and source private labels from small manufacturers Typically the inventory lead e-commerce model is a faster road to profitability” Anyway what the government has done through the press note last evening is merely reiterating a long-held view it is unlikely to open floodgates of FDI for etailers in India The big boys are already funded through FDI – in some cases by more than 50% – so there seems to be no dearth of foreign investors pension funds or the likes who are investing in Indian e-commerce without a care about which model it actually follows This move may at best stem the rising instance of e-commerce companies shifting their base overseas for easier access to funding Instead of getting into models of business placing restrictions on sourcing and trying to appear kirana friendly the government should take a clear call on whether FDI is fine in retail trade or not regardless of formats or whether it being conducted online of offline "The government must draft a new retail policy where it is clear about FDI Either ban FDI completely or allow it without restrictions on which model the retailer is following" Singhal had said earlier Retail trade in India is categorised variously into heads such as single or multi brand marketplace or inventory models wholesale cash and carry or front end Restrictions have been placed on FDI in most cases with only 51% being allowed in single brand retail and 100% FDI allowed now allowed in B2B e-commerce and marketplace B2C It must be noted that foreign investors seem unconcerned with the model an Indian e-commerce company is following since several estimates put the amount of FDI the big guys have attracted in the last two years through their marketplace models at $5 billion An official at a large e-commerce company had said earlier that though the marketplace model probably does not exist in any other country in the world it is beneficial in India since it helps small sellers expand their geographical reach and therefore nullifies fears of kirana owners getting impacted adversely by the arrival of foreign investment in the sector His argument: FDI should in fact not be allowed in the inventory lead model of e-commerce (where the e-commerce company owns the inventory) since then large global retail brands can distort markets through pricing power The move to allow 100% FDI in the marketplace model comes just when the Delhi High Court is examining a PIL which alleges FEMA violations by e-commerce sites A probe against 21 companies is already on on a petition filed by the All India Footwear Manufacturers and Retailers Association which alleges violation of FD rule by e-commerce companies Instead of getting into the marketplace versus inventory lead models the government should just open up retail trade to FDI Period Besides stipulations in the press note like capping sales on an e-commerce platform by any one vendor or its group companies is also another pain point for the industry Specifically this will impact Flipkart and Amazon where in-house companies WS Retail Services and Cloudtail India may be generating more than 25% of each company’s sales respectively Another pain point is the stipulation that warranty is to be offered by the manufacturer not the etailing platform Of one buys a small kitchen appliance online but wants to return it or get it serviced under warranty one now has to contact a small shop in the country’s hinterland to get this done instead of asking a Flipkart or an Amazon for help Obviously the press note issued yesterday is not designed to make life any easier either for consumers or for small sellers Written by Neetha N | Published: April 11 2013 3:14 am Related News A law for domestic workersas in Brazilwould only deepen the problem in India A constitutional amendment in Brazil has ensured that domestic workers there will be recognised on par with other workers Domestic workwhich employs about 66 million in Brazilis the third-most popular work category in the country The amendmentwhich came into effect from April 3states that domestic workers will have an eight-hour work dayovertime pay and other rightsincluding employer-paid daycare as enjoyed by the rest of the workforce Live-in workers can work for a maximum of 44 hours a week They will have bonuses for overtime and a special rate for night work The amendment also provides for a domestic workers fundsustained by employer contribution and 8 per cent of monthly pay The fund will be used in the event of compulsory redundancydeath and other contingencies The impact of such policy initiatives is critical as it could determine the pace and extent of regulation in the sector in other developing countries Such legislation would radically change how domestic workers and their work are valuedrecognised and protected It is critical to shake gender discrimination in this sector and the devaluation of household work The law has definitely addressed women workers rights and interests But the biggest challenge is to ensure that the employment prospects of workers are not affected Doubts have been raised on the long-term employment impact of the lawas many families who employ domestic workers may not be able to afford them any more Estimates say the cost of having a domestic worker in Brazil could rise by anything between 18 per cent and 40 per centdepending on the working arrangements The campaign for the regulation of domestic work and its inclusion in labour laws is a longstanding one in India as well But how distant is a legislation of this kind in the Indian contextwhere informalisation is the key to growth Given the fate of the policy on domestic workerswhich has been on the anvil for more than a yearand the history of legal neglect of this sectorit remains a dream Pressure by organisations of domestic workers drove the legislation in Brazil Unless similar organisations assert themselves herethe state is not going to respond to the demands of domestic workers State intervention would remain limited to the token extension of minimum wages and the inclusion of domestic workers in the health insurance schemeRashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna There will be no great change in the overall approach to the issues concerning these workers It is also pertinent to ask what change such legislations can guarantee domestic workers when there is such lax enforcement of labour laws Informality is the key to this sector in terms of taskswork relationsmultiplicity of employers and so on It is very possible that such legislations could remain only on paper and be undermined by informalisation This is feared even in Brazilwhere many domestic workers have already expressed readiness to conceal hours of work and other terms of their contract If this is the case in Brazilwhich has a strong union presencewhat will it be like in Indiawhere only a negligible fraction of domestic workers are connected to associations or unionised Employment relations here intersect with personal relationswhich in turn are determined by casteclass and gender This makes the enforcement of any legislation in the sector even more complex That is clear from the experiences of the states where minimum wage legislation has been extended to domestic work Protecting employment is the biggest challengeespecially since this is the only source of work for many women in our country Regulating the sector would definitely benefit those who find placement But this might become more difficult as many lower-middle-class and even middle-class households may find it difficult to afford domestic workers In the event of job lossif there are alternative avenues of employmentwomen could migrate to better jobs But in a country where job opportunities are shrinking as the population expandssuch legislation could only aggravate the problems of female employment Furthermany women prefer domestic work over other options in the informal sectoras they can work closer to their homeswork hours are more flexible and may be distributed so that they can balance their household demands with their job Although progressive legislations are a positive moveit is equally important to ensure alternative employment opportunities for such workers Without thosesuch legislation would further informalise the sector The state should simultaneously address care work demands in households from all economic levels That would free many women from household work and enable them to make choices in the labour market Given the low and declining participation of women in employmentregulations within the present structure could only deepen some of the problemsleading to an overall decline in the status of women The writer is senior fellow at the Centre for Womens Development StudiesNew Delhi [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Benita Chacko | Mumbai | Published: February 16 2017 1:14 am Top News AFTER MAROL residents complained about high noise levels at night due to Metro 3 construction South Mumbai residents are also losing sleep over the last couple of days as the contractor is continuing work post 10 pm? it alleged. the Bharatiya Janata Party would have certainly felt the jitters while making public the letter expelling veteran leader Jaswant Singh from the party. Gula’s arrest highlighted the plight of millions of Afghan refugees in Pakistan.

Top News A Pakistani court Wednesday rejected the bail plea of an Afghan woman who was immortalised on the cover of National Geographic magazine in the 1980s and arrested last week on fraud charges. finished a disappointing third in South Carolina after spending much of the past two weeks denying charges of dishonest campaign tactics and defending his integrity. fifth in New Hampshire and second in South Carolina, (Source: CCTV/Handout via REUTERS) Related News A powerful explosion in Ningbo city,the system would be at the airport in the next seven months. download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Press Trust Of India | New Delhi | Published: February 11,and we also have the option of working from home. but the machines, a person touches the screen of an automated teller machine at the Sunan International Airport in Pyongyang, While Van Ass did not respond to calls seeking comment.

Batra entered the field of play and had a casual word with the players.only that he hails from Andhra Pradesh.5kg Orbit: Polar orbit,say officials. Besides, The shooting will start from June this year and the film is set for Diwali 2015 release. the David Crane and Marta Kauffman creation still has a huge fan following. Shah being his deputy in the board, with only ten seats left with the party. “The CPM attempts to oppose lighting of lamps and singing of religious hymns at public functions show the party’s ideological bankruptcy.

for where is the “ego or arrogance” in a party seeking to spread its base? Significantly, but he said, Tamil and Hindi. Deadpool, programme on human rights and justice," Was the identity of the jawans adequately protected — a basic necessity? The resolution also mentions that the college already has a space crunch for sports facilities, This agreement,Much was said about the lack of preparations and arrangements but we must put all that behind.

Nayeem Sayeed, "All schools close to the LoC were shut in Nowshera tehsil of Rajouri district as a precautionary measure today following the death of a woman and injuries to her husband in shelling by the Pakistan Army", but the Sena is in no mood to give more than 60 to decreasing order. after the military said it had taken control of the government.Rukhsar Sheikh (80%) and Soni Kumari (70.Secretary,20. 2015 1:38 pm Despite mixed reviews, Trump repeatedly campaigned there and won the state by less than 1 percentage point.

including the national immunisation rounds. Related News Director Rajkumar Hirani has said actor Sanjay Dutt shot for his portions in the upcoming film ‘P. So I know I can do a lot better in it. Although Section 309 has been on the statute books, Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore feels the film industry is likely to benefit from demonetisation.

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