Evidence-based programmes and interventions. UNESCO’s report, Behind the numbers: ending school violence and bullying, released on Tuesday at the 2019 Education World Forum in London, reveals that nearly one-in-three boys and girls have been bullied at least once at school over the last month, and a similar proportion have been affected by physical violence.Overall, says the report, physical bullying is the biggest problem in most regions, but in North America and Europe, psychological bullying is the most common, followed by sexually-related bullying.Online and smartphone bullying on the risePhysical bullying is more common among boys, while psychological bullying is more prevalent among girls. Meanwhile, online and mobile phone bullying is on the rise. Children perceived as different in any way from the norm, are the most likely to be bullied, with physical appearance being the most common cause followed by race, nationality or skin colour.Bullying must be addressed because it significantly effects children’s mental health, quality of life and academic achievement, the report states.Frequently bullied children are nearly three times more likely to feel shunned and more than twice as likely to miss school. Their educational-outcomes decline, and they are more likely to leave after finishing secondary school.,Not all bad, some progress made Despite the gravity of the problem, some countries have made significant progress towards reducing, or containing, school violence and bullying.”We are greatly encouraged that nearly half of countries with available data have decreased rates of school violence and bullying” said Stefania Giannini, UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Education. “This proves that through a combination of strong political leadership and other factors such as training, collaboration, reporting and monitoring, we can alleviate the climate of fear created by school bullying and violence.”,UNESCO-recommended measures to lower school violence and reduce bullying: Robust legal and policy frameworks.,The UNESCO report is one of the UN educational agency’s contributions to the ‘Safe to Learn’ campaign, an initiative focused on ending violence in schools, so children can learn, thrive and pursue their dreams.It brings together data from a range of global and regional surveys, covering 144 countries and territories in all regions, yielding the most up-to-date and comprehensive evidence on school violence and bullying.“All children and young people have the right to safe, inclusive and effective learning environments”, concluded Ms. Giannini. Effective reporting and monitoring systems. Better political leadership. Student empowerment and participation. Support and referral for affected students. A commitment to a safe, positive school and classroom environment. Teacher training and support.