Brazilian Armed Forces Train for Urban Environment Ops

first_imgBy Andréa Barretto/Diálogo May 25, 2018 According to the Brazilian Constitution, the mission of the Armed Forces is to ensure the country’s defense, guarantee constitutional powers, and enforce law and order. The guarantee of law and order (GLO) was among the topics addressed at a seminar organized by the fourth LAAD Security conference, an international public and corporate security trade fair held in São Paulo, April 10-12, 2018. Major Valter Silva Cruz, lead instructor of the Brazilian Army’s (EB, in Portuguese) Training Center for Operations on Law and Order Assurance (CIOpGLO, in Portuguese) was invited to speak on this subject. CIOpGLO is the only institution in the Brazilian Armed Forces specializing in the training of service members for missions “the country’s president only orders after exhausting all other public safety options,” Maj. Silva Cruz said. He noted two operations as examples: Operations Archangel (Arcanjo) and St. Francis (São Francisco), in which thousands of service members contributed to restoring peace in three large favelas of Rio de Janeiro, between 2010 and 2015. The center, founded in 2005, has trained nearly 4,000 men and women of the Armed Forces. The institution, which has two training exercises and courses scheduled for 2018, must also fulfill one additional responsibility this year: certify all service members of the Eastern Military Command who will be sent to the state of Rio de Janeiro, as part of the federal intervention, ongoing since February. Some 400 service members have already received training at CIOpGLO. “We prepared a specific training course for those service members, focused on what the intervention calls for,” Maj. Silva Cruz said. Training lasted three days, with morning and evening activities, including urban warfare, shooting, and confined space maneuvering courses—training in line with situations that can be encountered in low-income communities of Rio de Janeiro. Expanding capacity CIOpGLO is a subordinate school of the 28th Light Infantry Battalion, with headquarters in the city of Campinas, in São Paulo state. In its decade of operations, the center expanded its training capacity beyond GLO operations. As such, the institution is set to receive a new name: the Training Center for Military Operations in Urban Environments. According to Maj. Silva Cruz, urban environment activities comprise an array of operations that include GLO. As a result, CIOpGLO also trains service members from all branches of the Armed Forces. In December 2017, a first urban combat defense training course, designed specifically for the Brazilian Navy and the Brazilian Air Force (FAB, in Portuguese), took place with the participation of EB service members. The training provided an opportunity for Armed Forces’ representatives to work jointly, as they would during actual operations. It also allowed “service members to be trained to disseminate information within the Ministry of Defense [of Brazil] to standardize GLO missions,” said FAB Second Lieutenant François Paiva de Almeida, a student in the class. Intense schedule Each year, CIOpGLO offers two main training opportunities for officers and sergeants during the first and second semester. Both last five weeks. “The only difference is that the course for officers includes a module dedicated to planning,” Maj. Silva Cruz explained. EB service members from across Brazil can qualify for the training. The center preselects about 40 people from the applicants the various area commands present. Before enrollment, applicants undergo physical and intellectual testing. Once they pass this stage, they begin the course. There are three weeks of classes and one week dedicated to outdoor operations for the practice of techniques, tactics, and procedures learned during the theoretical portion of the course. The training includes how to manage crises and resolve conflicts, self-defense, general knowledge about social communication, joint use of armed vehicles, and professional military ethics, with an emphasis on human rights. “Urban environment operations tend to involve selective combat in the midst of the population, in which one has to avoid collateral damage as much as possible,” Maj. Silva Cruz said. The training includes practical shooting modules, including around 215 shots with a rifle and 205 shots with a pistol. Service members are also trained to deploy on the field, conducted in a 500-square-meter structure that simulates the environment of Brazilian cities. “Every course instructor has experience in actual GLO situations, such as in Haiti and the operation in the Maré Complex, in Rio de Janeiro,” Maj. Silva Cruz concluded.last_img read more

More than 1 billion people face displacement by 2050: Report

first_imgRapid population growth, lack of access to food and water and increased exposure to natural disasters mean more than 1 billion people face being displaced by 2050, according to a new analysis of global ecological threats.Compiled by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), a think-tank that produces annual terrorism and peace indexes, the Ecological Threat Register uses data from the United Nations and other sources to assess eight ecological threats and predict which countries and regions are most at risk.With the world’s population forecast to rise to nearly 10 billion by 2050, intensifying the scramble for resources and fuelling conflict, the research shows as many as 1.2 billion people living in vulnerable areas of sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia and the Middle East may be forced to migrate by 2050. While some, such as India and China, are most threatened by water scarcity in the coming decades, others like Pakistan, Iran, Mozambique, Kenya and Madagascar face a toxic combination of threats, as well as a diminishing ability to deal with them.”These countries are broadly stable now but have high exposure to ecological threats and low and deteriorating ‘positive peace’, which means they are at higher risk of future collapse,” the 90-page analysis found.Killelea said the world now has 60% less fresh water available than it did 50 years ago, while demand for food is forecast to rise by 50% in the next 30 years, driven in large part by the expansion of the middle class in Asia.Those factors, combined with natural disasters that are only likely to increase in frequency because of climate change, mean even stable states are vulnerable by 2050.The IEP said it hoped the register, which may become an annual analysis, would shape aid and development policies, with more emphasis and funding going towards climate-related impacts.Topics : By comparison, ecological factors and conflict led to the displacement of some 30 million people in 2019, the report said.”This will have huge social and political impacts, not just in the developing world, but also in the developed, as mass displacement will lead to larger refugee flows to the most developed countries,” said Steve Killelea, IEP’s founder.The register groups the threats into two broad categories: food insecurity, water scarcity and population growth in one; and natural disasters including floods, droughts, cyclones, rising sea levels and rising temperatures in the other.The result is an analysis assessing how many threats each of some 150 countries faces and their capacity to withstand them.last_img read more

Christian bakery ordered to recant over Bert and Ernie gay marriage cake or face court

first_imgThe Telegraph 6 November 2014A Christian bakery firm which refused to make a cake supporting gay marriage with a picture of the Sesame Street characters Bert and Ernie has been warned it will be taken to court unless it apologises and pays immediate compensation.Ashers Baking Co, based in Newtownabbey, Northern Ireland, was told by a Government equalities agency that it was guilty of “unlawful religious, political and sexual orientation discrimination” for its stance on the Sesame Street-themed dessert. Daniel McArthur, general manager of the firm, said it would amount to endorsing the campaign for the introduction of same-sex marriage, and go against his conscience. The row erupted after it cancelled a £36.50 order to bake a novelty cake featuring the characters arm in arm under the slogan “support gay marriage” in May, saying that it went against the directors’ religious beliefs.center_img But the family-run firm said it was ready for a “David and Goliath battle” over the cake insisting it was “what God would want us to do”.last_img read more

Moranz makes late save to preserve Syracuse’s tie with Connecticut

first_img Related Stories Koval sparks Syracuse with equalizing goal, energy off the bench in 1-1 tie against UConn Phil Wheddon counts on his goalies to make one big save per game. With less than three minutes remaining in double overtime Monday, Mackenzie Moranz made that save.Connecticut’s Danielle Gottwik stood with the ball at her feet and a chance to end the game on her next move.Moranz dived to her left. Moranz extended her left arm, barely getting a piece of the ball to deflect it away and sending the Syracuse fans into a frenzy.“I knew I had to make that save at that time, so I just did it,”Moranz said.Syracuse (1-1-2) tied Connecticut (2-1-1) 1-1 in front of 815 fans after playing two overtime periods and 110 minutes on a sun-soaked Monday afternoon at SU Soccer Stadium. SU’s chunks of possession were ended by ill-advised passes in the offensive third that led to Connecticut’s offensive attacks, which were snuffed out by the Orange’s defense to keep the game knotted.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text“I’m disappointed in a tie,”Syracuse head coach Phil Wheddon said. “I thought that we could have, and probably should have, won the game.”Throughout the game, the Orange’s energy level fluctuated in the mid-80 degree heat. At times, SU peppered the Connecticut defense with consecutive passes that helped create threatening chances. At others, Syracuse struggled to clear the ball out in its own defensive end.In the first 10 minutes of the game, the ball remained mostly on Connecticut’s side of the field. Alex Lamontagne, Eva Gordon and Jackie Firenze strung passes together, but couldn’t finish the plays with goals.After holding off the Orange, Gottwik dribbled through the middle of the field and took a hard touch to her left, pushing the ball past Maddie Damm. With space atop of the 18-yard box, Gottwik’s shot found the back of the net. After 10 minutes of controlling the game, Syracuse found itself trailing 1-0.But the defensive lapse in transition, caused by an offensive turnover, did not overshadow an otherwise solid performance by the Orange.“We worked hard for 110 minutes,”Wheddon said. “Trying to make a more elaborate pass instead of just playing a simple pass, but all in all, I’m happy with our performance.”SU’s only goal came off a header by Alexis Koval, a substitute who entered the game in the 36th minute and scored about a minute later. Orange forwards Maya Pitts and Sheridan Street also came off the bench and helped jumpstart the offense.Junior forward Erin Simon said that Wheddon links the team’s energy with its communication. In overtime, when the circumstances were more urgent, the Orange picked up its interactions. After Moranz made the save of the game, Syracuse’s players yelled out while SU attempted to capitalize on a counter attack.Occasionally SU held onto the ball for too long, the head coach added. If players take fewer touches while in possession of the ball, the speed of play will likely increase, leading to fewer turnovers. Dribbling less and making smarter passes is something that Syracuse will be working on in the coming week, Wheddon said.“We caused problems for ourselves at times by loss of possession,”Wheddon said.Though the turnovers occurred too often, it meant that the Orange was at least creating opportunities on offense.Prior to Monday’s meeting, Syracuse was 1-18 all-time against UConn. The tie represents progress for SU, which has now only lost to the Huskies once in the past three seasons.“It just means we’re improving,”Simon said. “This is the best team we’ve had since I’ve been here …We just have to finish opportunities.” Comments Facebook Twitter Google+center_img Published on September 1, 2014 at 7:38 pm Contact Paul: [email protected] | @pschwedslast_img read more

Syracuse falters in third quarter in loss to No. 4 Louisville, 84-77

first_img Published on February 4, 2018 at 3:05 pm Contact Nick: [email protected] | @nick_a_alvarez Myisha Hines-Allen dribbled around four Syracuse defenders and looked for the shooter she knew would be there. Asia Durr ran to the top of the key, caught the pass and swished a 3-pointer.Syracuse head coach Quentin Hillsman called a timeout immediately. The Louisville bench celebrated its then-14 point lead and the Carrier Dome crowd, which briefly thought an upset was possible after the first-half, sat in silence.SU (17-7, 5-6 Atlantic Coast) had kept the game close for the first 20 minutes, but the following 10 was all No. 4 Louisville (24-1, 10-1) needed to leave the Carrier Dome with an 84-77 victory. The Cardinals outscored the Orange by 10 in the third quarter, tripling its half time lead and sinking SU’s upset bid. UofL’s third-quarter success materialized in five more rebounds (12 to 7), a 23-percent higher shooting percentage and more production from its top scorers. “At some point,” Hillsman said, “you got to to make plays, and you got to do the things you got to do to win games. There were points in the third quarter that we didn’t do what we need to do to win the game and dug ourselves a hole. In the fourth we got a few steals and make a couple runs. When you got a hole that deep, you have to make some big runs and our runs weren’t big enough.”Syracuse was only down five at half to a team that usually beats its opponents by 22. This past Thursday, the Cardinals held a four-point lead against Virginia before outscoring the Cavaliers by 32 in the second-half to cruise in Charlottesville, Virginia.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textSU was the victim of a similar second-half slump on Sunday afternoon. Before two late, meaningless Syracuse buckets, the Orange had been outscored by seven points in the second half. The loss marked the first time in six years, and first time since joining the ACC, that SU lost back-to-back home games.Hillsman’s team dug itself a third quarter hole with an 0-for-5 shooting start in the period. Digna Strautmane missed an open jumper, Amaya Finklea-Guity was blocked twice and missed a third shot before Strautmane clanked another try.In a blink-and-you miss-it 9-0 run, Syracuse was floored. The run stopped when Tiana Mangakahia hit an and-1 layup with 7:07 left in the third, but by then it was too late.“At the end of the day,” Hillsman said, “you have a great opportunity on your home floor to beat a very good team you have to win that game. We had some opportunities, we had some spurts where we didn’t play that well.”Louisville knocked down 8-of-16 from beyond the 3-point arc on Sunday in the Carrier Dome.Codie Yan | Staff PhotographerEarly in the game, Syracuse hung with the third-best scoring offense in the ACC. Multiple times in the first quarter, Tiana Mangakahia grabbed the ball on the defensive end, via a rebound or in-bounds and took it down the floor herself and laid it in. She finished the first half with six points, six assists and four rebounds. Before the game, UofL head coach Jeff Walz told local media that the only way to stop Mangakahia was to hope she had the flu.On Jan. 30, Mangakahia said a key to toppling UofL was limiting its transition game and not committing turnovers that would lead to easy baskets. But 11 of Louisville’s 20 fast break points came in the decisive third quarter. “They make plays,” Hillsman said, “they don’t let you off the hook. If there’s a play to be made, they make it. … I thought we played tough. We played tough and with some energy and some urgency. They did a good job of attacking us in the third (quarter) in transition.”The version of Mangakahia that hasn’t played competitive basketball in nearly two years popped up throughout the game. On one play, she spun left, tried to squeeze a pass in-between two defenders that instead resulted in an easy Cardinals layup. The next possession, she charged into her defender and committed another turnover. Mangakahia had almost as many giveaways (10) than Louisville (13).The transition lanes opened up as SU’s legs tired and the Cardinals’ lead ballooned. Just after Mangakahia ended SU’s scoring drought, three passes — Jazmine Jones to Durr to Hines-Allen — resulted in an easy layup. The ball touched the ground once.“If you’re not going to stop them,” SU guard Gabrielle Cooper said, “you at least have to score with them. We weren’t scoring with them or stopping them.”Louisville’s one-two punch, Hines-Allen and Durr, provided the scoring that SU couldn’t keep up with in the third frame. After being limited to 14 points combined in the first half, the duo scored 20 (Hines-Allen with 11 and Durr with nine) in the third and created the separation. Syracuse chipped at the deficit in the fourth, but it rarely dipped below double-digits. Following a steal, Cooper hit a 3-pointer from the base of the ‘Carrier’ sign in front of SU’s bench. UofL threw the ball out of bounds on its next possession and the crowd re-energized. Yet, after a Strautmane miss, Durr connected on a corner 3 and snuffed out the run.The trajectories of Syracuse and Louisville have been eerily similar in the decade since Hillsman and Walz were hired. Both programs were bottom-dwellers in the ACC and were transformed into perennial-NCAA tournament contenders. While SU has flirted with national prominence, UofL has established itself as a top-tier program.Syracuse hung with Louisville for most of Sunday’s game, just like it has with conference teams all season. But when the final buzzer sounded on Sunday afternoon, SU lost — just like it did against Notre Dame, Miami, Virginia, North Carolina State and Virginia Tech — and the status quo was reinforced.Hillsman hasn’t spoken much about the impending NCAA tournament, but he did after SU’s second-straight loss. The 11-year head coach said that 10 conference wins should be enough to comfortably make the 64-team tournament. With five wins in 11 contests and five conference games remaining, SU has created a gauntlet for itself.“Normally,” Hillsman said, “when you get 10, you’re in. You get nine, you got a chance. You get eight, you hope for upsets and a lot of help. We understand that these last five games we have, I think, are very urgent.” Comments Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more