Rugby Championship games in London could become a regular thing

first_imgLATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS SANZAAR chief executive Andy Marinos explains why Europe could stage Rugby Championship games more often Trick shot: Adam Ashley-Cooper scores one of his three tries against Argentina at RWC 2015. Photo: Getty Images The Rugby Championship is coming to London for the first time on Saturday 8 October with defending champions Australia taking on Argentina at Twickenham in a repeat of one of last year’s World Cup semi-finals.That match could become the first of many, with SANZAAR chief executive Andy Marinos keen to stage more Rugby Championship fixtures in Europe – and London in particular. It’s a way to expose the tournament to a wider audience.“We saw how positive the World Cup was in the UK and we feel our game is about taking it to as many supporters as possible,” says Marinos. “It’s a good opportunity for extra exposure and bringing a meaningful Rugby Championship game to London is something that will continue to promote rugby at a moment when its popularity is continuing to grow.“The style of play in the Rugby Championship is a very exportable commodity to further increase the attractiveness of the sport. People want to see a free-flowing style and the game is moving in that direction.”Regular-season NFL and NBA games are now staged in London and Marinos sees the UK capital as a key market for international sporting showpieces.“It’s testament to what a big sporting arena London is,” he says. “While the World Cup was on last year, the NFL were kicking off a game (between Jacksonville and Buffalo) in semi-final week. London is the destination for big sporting events and it’s a unique opportunity to show what a lot of skill and talent there is in rugby. “Australia and New Zealand have already taken international rugby abroad to the USA and to Hong Kong and people will continue to look at new markets, but Europe and the UK has such a strong rugby heritage and we at SANZAAR would like to continue that approach.”Adam Ashley-Cooper’s hat-trick of tries sealed a 29-15 win for Australia over Argentina at RWC 2015 last October and support for both sides should be strong again this year.Colourful crowd: Australia and Argentina fans enjoy the semi-final at Twickenham. Photo: Getty ImagesAs Marinos says: “Argentina have been making one of the fastest rises in international rugby and with many of their players in Europe there’s always going to be a strong affiliation for them.“Australia, New Zealand, South Africa all have huge ex-pat communities in the UK so these games will be attractive to them.”Tickets to Argentina v Australia at Twickenham are available at from £45 for adults, £25 for children (U16) and a family package (2 adults & 2 children) for £115. (Booking fees apply). TAGS: Highlight Does Marinos feature on Rugby World’s list of the 50 Most Influential People in Rugby? Pick up a copy of the September 2016 issue from Tuesday 2 August to find out.For the latest Rugby World subscription offers, click here.last_img read more

C17 House / XXStudio

first_img “COPY” Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Manufacturers: Cemex, Aaindumetalicas, PreconcretosCollaborators:Lina Quintero, Milena DuarteStructural Calculation:Luis Carlos Rivera CáceresBuilder:XXStudio + 21estudioSanitation Installation:HMS ConstructoresElectric Installation:HIBRICAArchitect In Charge:Balmor PereiraAssociated Architects:Fabián Mena, Pablo TorresCity:Villa Del RosarioCountry:ColombiaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© 21estudio + XXStudioRecommended ProductsWoodGustafsWood Veneered Wall & Ceiling PanelsDoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile Curved Hinged Door | AlbaDoorsECLISSESliding Pocket Door – ECLISSE LucePorcelain StonewareCeramiche KeopeCeramic Tiles – BackText description provided by the architects. An order is received and according to the evaluation of the initiative it offers limited financial benefits, but simultaneously has excellent conditions to start a creative process, represented in a bet that assumes the premise: “the possibility of generating a project that is a CREATION and not a replica of something already imagined.” Save this picture!© 21estudio + XXStudioThe proposal comes as a result of the relationships and conflicts between three basic components: the natural, anthropic and metaphorical; each component is approached from a key variable for its morphological interpretation (formal – spatial): Save this picture!ModelIn this way the dialogic triad is obtained: LAND – PLANT – ROOF Addressing the analysis of joints and contradictions present and possibles between these three components, leads to find a complex interlocutor to establish simple relationships (above – below, outside – inside and solid – transparency, among others), from the previous  EXPLORATIONS made about THE GRID, allow assuming the project as a testing laboratory of concepts and relationships. Save this picture!© 21estudio + XXStudioTaking lessons: “Para no contradecir la realidad, el arquitecto debería atenerse a los hechos arquitectónicos que a partir de ella se puedan formular” (Pérez, Aravena y Quintanilla, 2007:15). Based on this reflection it asks for an assessment of reality in search of the purposes to which must answer the triad. FIRST: Addressing the pedestrian and vehicular accessibility in relation to the adjacent street to 45°. SECOND: To form a permeable frontal plane to the breezes coming down from the Venezuelan Andes to clean the warm meadows and the reed fields. THIRD: Floating  perpendicularly  the parking integrating to the house exoskeleton, as opposed to the prevailing separate proposal. FOURTH: Structuring the central yard of 6 * 6 meters, which serves as a flow collector in both directions. FIFTH: An opening of 12.00 meters that allows integrating kitchen – bar – dining room – living room in a unit space conditioned for the furniture. SIXTH: Solving generic variables as: Save this picture!© 21estudio + XXStudio [the tectonic] …inverted beams… Three grids that cross each other, the first one forming the LAND as a stepped floor, situating the house in downward cascade, allowing expand the section from the entrace to the interior; the next one forms the PLANT,  a sequence of horizontal planes sized in relation to the housing program, working to compression and supporting the ROOF falling from above in a grid of inverted beams. Save this picture!SectionSave this picture!ConceptSave this picture!Section[program] …domestic skeleton-… A set consisting of roof – study – patio – parking – hangs from above by subjecting the inverted beams working simultaneously as hanging beams, two groups of load-bearing planes that fit with the program by way of partition walls, the first one groups rooms and the study on the northeast side integrating the intimate area of the house, while on the southwest side, kitchen, laundry area and guest bedroom, make up the structural corbel  what affixed to the floor gives balance to the imposing cantilever. On the floor, under an opening of 12 meters in a continuous space, the furniture is placed demarcating living room – dining room – bar, while the accordion unfolds delimiting the outside terrace facing the pool. Save this picture!Floor Plan[materiality] …exposed concrete skeleton … A exposed concrete skeleton defines the materiality of the house, which is subtly added three materials: MURO-CEL in black concrete redefines its use forming the permeable vertical plane in  a openwork way. Urapo and pardillo wood treated with natural wax bee impose their presence marking the space whit its horizontal grains, and the glass communicates that supports and  not that is supported, desmaterialize with multiple reflections. Save this picture!© 21estudio + XXStudio[the bioclimatic] … permeable planes… The oblique beam receives breezes from the northeast and send them giving natural aceleration, toward the permeable frontal plane that as a filter allows its path and simultaneously controls solar radiation of the access corridor, while the horizontal planes float laterally supporting this strategy and minimize the east – west  sunlight. Save this picture!© 21estudio + XXStudioOn the southwest side as an accordion, urapo wood partitions allow the passage of the evening breezes and filter the afternoon sun giving a magical atmosphere of shadows and reflections. The system is complemented by a central yard formed by hanging beams that work as a flows collector and link the house with the outside. Save this picture!© 21estudio + XXStudio[the technique] …setting up the metals… … “As family members that project-planning-in-the-making” (Smithson & Smithson, 2001:30)  We have learned from the master to put together things that Mies had; simple self-imposed rules show a clear intention to achieve the maximum benefit of a standard  shuttering; to join two planes requires dilate, the inability to use paints  and this way the “gray work”… is “white work”.Project gallerySee allShow lessVideo: President Obama Inaugurates the Smithsonian National Museum of African Americ…Architecture NewsOrganic CityExhibition Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard C17 House / XXStudioSave this projectSaveC17 House / XXStudio Houses Save this picture!© 21estudio + XXStudio+ 24 Share “COPY” Area:  382 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Year:  ArchDaily Architects: XXStudio Area Area of this architecture project C17 House / XXStudio CopyAbout this officeXXStudioOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesVilla Del RosarioVilla del RosarioColombiaPublished on September 27, 2016Cite: “C17 House / XXStudio” 27 Sep 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogShowershansgroheShower MixersEducational3MProjection Screen Whiteboard FilmPartitionsSkyfoldWhere to Increase Flexibility in SchoolsLinoleum / Vinyl / Epoxy / UrethaneTerrazzo & MarbleTerrazzo in The Gateway ArchSkylightsLAMILUXGlass Skylight FE PassivhausConcreteKrytonSmart ConcreteMetallicsTrimoMetal Panels for Roofs – Trimoterm SNVWire MeshGKD Metal FabricsMetal Fabric in Kansas City University BuildingGlassDip-TechDigital Ceramic Curved Glass PrintingMetallicsRHEINZINKZinc Roof Systems – Double Lock Standing SeamChairs / StoolsFreifrauBarstool – OnaSealants / ProtectorsWoodenha IndustriesFireproofing System for Wood Cladding – BIME®More products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?C17住宅 / XXStudio是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Projects CopyHouses•Villa Del Rosario, Colombia 2016 Colombialast_img read more

Over 100 charities use

first_img Tagged with: Charity Christmas Cards Charity ecards Over 100 charities use  367 total views,  1 views today Howard Lake | 13 September 2017 | News Social enterprise reports that over 100 UK charities have now signed up to its charity ecard platform.Charities such as Headway, Sumatran Orangutan Society, the British Deaf Association and the Royal Life Saving Society can now encourage their supporters to send digital cards and donate the cost of printed cards to their cause. Individuals can use cards for a range of occasions from Christmas to birthdays, weddings and anniversaries.Charities using the platform can customise their presence on it and the cards that their supporters can choose from, including uploading of custom ecard designs.DontSendMeACard, a social enterprise set up in 2013, can be used by individual and corporate supporters of a charity. Users simply donate the equivalent in cost of cards and stamps, and send ecards via email or share to Facebook. Advertisementcenter_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis8  368 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis8 Charities that are using DontSendMeACard.comDontSendMeACard states that the UK greetings card market is worth £1.7bn a year.Its founder Alex Furness says: “The system is built for charities – and with a host of tools and promotional materials at their disposal – they can very easily start fundraising after joining. We’ve seen generous individuals give as much as £200.00 in lieu of cards and stamps, making it a great source of additional charitable income this Christmas”. About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

Barnardo’s to lead charity coalition to support vulnerable children

first_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis2  726 total views,  3 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis2 Barnardo’s is to lead a new coalition of charities aimed at helping vulnerable children most impacted by the coronavirus pandemic.Funded by £7m from Department for Education programme, the See, Hear, Respond service launches on 15 June with Barnardo’s due to open applications for expressions of interest from local partners in the coming weeks. Leading See, Hear, Respond, Barnardo’s will form a coalition with other national children’s charities and community-based organisations, which will work alongside local authorities, schools and colleges, police forces, healthcare professionals and other child protection services.See, Hear, Respond will aim to reach children and families who are not in contact with children’s services and to prevent their needs escalating. It will prioritise those most at risk of harm either inside or outside the home, including very young children and adolescents.See, Hear, Respond will provide:Access to an online support package to children and families ensuring they have readily available, accessible and interactive informationOnline and telephone referral service by trained professionals who can source further help and support from charity workers within the partnershipOnline counselling or therapy for those experiencing high levels of anxiety, trauma or other mental health issues that can be safely addressed through digital meansYouth interventions and face-to-face crisis support, particularly for those at risk of or experiencing various forms of exploitation, including criminal exploitationIn particular, Barnardo’s says, it will focus on:Under 5s, with a focus on under 2sThose with SEND who have other associated harms such as exploitationChildren out of the home at risk of criminal and sexual exploitation – working in outreach detached settingsBAME children – offering culturally sensitive and responsive services to reach families and communities that have been disproportionately impacted by Covid 19Young carersBarnardo’s Chief Executive Javed Khan said: Advertisement Melanie May | 8 June 2020 | News “The coronavirus pandemic means vulnerable children and young people are increasingly hidden from services, and by working closely with the Department for Education and a wide range of national and local charities, we will provide a vital lifeline to those at risk of harm. Extraordinary times call for extraordinary measures, and we have formed this partnership because vulnerable children now face challenges that are too complex for any single organisation to solve alone.”“Through this project, we aim to reach hundreds of thousands of children who have been hidden from services, either face to face or with digital tools. By stepping in early we will improve their long-term outcomes and maximise their chance of a positive future.” Tagged with: coronavirus Fundingcenter_img  725 total views,  2 views today The Department for Education and the Home Office are also opening a new joint £7.6 million fund for national vulnerable children’s charities working in England and Wales on issues including child sexual abuse and child criminal exploitation. This money is aimed at charities that have suffered financial harm as a result of the virus, to help them stabilise and continue delivering their services.The application process for the £7.6 million fund for national vulnerable children’s charities will open shortly.Funding for both comes from the Government’s £750 million package of support for charities. Barnardo’s to lead charity coalition to support vulnerable children About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via read more

CUNY union, supporters: No contract NO PEACE!

first_imgMore than 1,000 union members and their supporters gathered in front of the Upper East Side apartment of City University Chancellor James Milliken at 8 a.m. on Oct. 1. There, they protested Milliken’s refusal to make an economic offer to the Professional Staff Congress, which represents City University of New York faculty and staff.PSC members have been working without a new contract since 2010, although the old one remains in force under New York state law.PSC President Barbara Bowen said that the failure to obtain economic justice for CUNY faculty and staff meant that their students — overwhelmingly Black and Latino/a, the daughters and sons of the poor and workers and from every immigrant community in New York City — did not get the education that they need and deserve.More than 700 members of the PSC signed in, and there were delegations from the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees District Council 37, which represents CUNY clerical and administrative staff; the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers; the Laborers union; the Union of Clerical, Administrative and Technical Staff at New York University; the Council of School Administrators; the United Federation of Teachers; the Transport Workers Union; the Hotel and Trades Council, DC 371 (social workers), the Utility Workers Union of America (Local 1-2 Con Ed); and the National Writers Union (UAW 1921). Some students from Hunter College, a nearby CUNY campus, attended.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

HAT Market Analysis for 5/18/21 with Arlan Suderman of StoneX

first_imgHome Indiana Agriculture News HAT Market Analysis for 5/18/21 with Arlan Suderman of StoneX By Andy Eubank – May 18, 2021 Facebook Twitter HAT Market Analysis for 5/18/21 with Arlan Suderman of StoneX Audio Player Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.A 53.5 million bushel sale of new crop corn to China supported that market Tuesday, but the grains and oilseeds continue volatile. Arlan Suderman discusses. Click to listen. SHARE SHARE Previous articleEast Central Indiana Planting Halfway CompleteNext articleUSDA to Invest $15 Million in the Future of Conservation Through Innovation Grants Program Andy Eubank Facebook Twitterlast_img read more

No. 6 TCU is no longer an underdog

first_imgMen’s basketball scores season-low in NIT semifinals loss to Texas Linkedin Garrett is a Journalism and Sports Broadcasting double major. He is the Managing Editor for TCU360, and his passions are God, family, friends, sports, and great food. Garrett Podell printWhen football season started, expectations for the Horned Frogs were limited at best. But going into Manhattan, Kansas to face the Wildcats Saturday, TCU is ranked No. 6 and is the only undefeated team left in the Big 12. The Frogs are expecting a physical game Saturday. Known for running the ball, Kansas State doesn’t play the up tempo, no-huddle spread offense that is common in the Big 12. “They’re a tough-nosed team,” said TCU quarterback Kenny Hill. “They have a lot of walk-on kids from that area who were overlooked and they come in with a chip on their shoulder ready to go, so they play really hard and don’t ever stop.”But after a losing season and a collapse in the AutoZone Liberty Bowl against Georgia last year, TCU has had a lot to prove this season, too. “I already knew we were going to be better when we walked off the field against Georgia in the bowl game because their coach [Kirby Smart] said I’m glad I played you now,” TCU head coach Gary Patterson said. “We gave them a fight, and they have some good players.”Patterson and the Frogs spent the offseason fine-tuning both sides of the ball. Experience has bolstered the defense, as eight of TCU’s eleven starters are upperclassmen.“It’s no secret, you’re more physical when you’re older,” Patterson said.The defense has held three of the top offenses in the country — SMU, Oklahoma State and West Virginia —  forcing eight turnovers, allowing five touchdowns in 11 red-zone trips and 91 points. The Frogs have 11 takeaways so far this season, compared with 16 for all of last season.They’re leading the conference in sacks with 13, which have come from seven different players. Junior defensive end Ben Banogu, a transfer from Louisiana Monroe, has four of those sacks. “He’s had a great impact: great pass rusher, great physicality coming off and setting the edge,” TCU defensive tackle Chris Bradley said. “He does his job, he knows the defense well, we’re able to flow together as one, so it’s been amazing to watch.”Banogu is on the Watch List for the Chuck Bednarik Award, which goes to the best defensive player. He has team-high totals of seven tackles for loss. He also has two forced fumbles, which pace the Frogs.Facing the defense in practice has sharpened TCU’s offensive play too.“The defense makes it tough on us and they really make it hard on us, which makes us better,” Hill said.The offense, the nation’s best on third-down, scored 131 points, rushing for 662 yards and nine touchdowns in the last three games. Hill is 15-of-23 for 194 yards, three touchdowns and no interceptions on third down. His overall completion percentage of 69 percent ranks 10th in the nation. He’s on pace to surpass Casey Pachall’s school record of 66.5 percent. Hill credits a couple factors in TCU’s offensive uptick: Facing Patterson’s stout defense that allows the fewest points per game, 19.6 in the Big 12, and the running back rotation that gives Hill plenty of options. The trio of Darius Anderson, Kyle Hicks and Sewo Oloniliua have teamed up to power the Big 12’s top running attack. The Horned Frogs return to action Saturday, Oct. 14 in Manhattan, Kansas against the Kansas State Wildcats. Kickoff is set for 11 a.m. Previous articleThe Skiff: October 12, 2017Next articleHoroscope: October 12, 2107 Garrett Podell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Garrett Podell Facebook Twitter Listen: The Podell and Pickell Show with L.J. Collier Boschini talks: construction, parking, tuition, enrollment, DEI, a student trustee Garrett Podell Twitter TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history TCU quarterback Kenny Hill (7) celebrates his touchdown catch against West Virginia. Photo courtesy of World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution ReddIt Linkedin Facebook Garrett Podell ReddIt Boschini: ‘None of the talk matters because Jamie Dixon is staying’ + posts Garrett Podell The College of Science and Engineering Dean, Phil Hartman, retires after 40 consecutive yearslast_img read more

Two freelance journalists killed at Syrian-Turkish border

first_imgNews Related documents Two freelance journalists killed at Syrian-Turkish border – Arabic versionPDF – 198.61 KB March 12, 2021 Find out more Damascus TV presenter arrested under cyber-crime law February 3, 2021 Find out more News Follow the news on Syria SyriaMiddle East – North Africa Toll of ten years of civil war on journalists in Syria March 29, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Two freelance journalists killed at Syrian-Turkish border RSF_en Help by sharing this information Receive email alerts Wave of Kurdish arrests of Syrian journalists SyriaMiddle East – North Africa News March 8, 2021 Find out more to go further News Organisation Reporters Without Borders condemns the killing of two freelance journalists who were shot dead after an attack by Syrian forces on a group of about 50 people trying to entire Syria at Darkush on the border with Turkey three days ago. Immediately after the offensive, the two journalists, aged between 28 and 32, were reported to have returned to the scene to collect their equipment. A Syrian army vehicle opened fire on them, killing both.We deplore this deliberate double murder. One of the pair, Walid Blidi, was a British national of Algerian origin. The nationality of his colleague, Nassim Terreri, has yet to be established. A third journalist reported to have been wounded in the attack was taken to hospital in Turkish border town of d’Antakya. The journalists planned to make a documentary in the village of Idleb, a hotbed of the protest movement that has been the target of a violent crackdown by forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad.In view of the growing number of freelance journalists who go to theatres of war, Reporters Without Borders notes it is sometimes very difficult to ascertain the status and identities of such people when they get into difficulties. Therefore, we urge freelance journalists to share their travel plans with someone trustworthy who would be able to contact journalists’ organizations or the authorities. The tragedy occurred a day after the murder of the citizen journalist Jawan Mohammed Qatana on 25 March in Derbassiyeh, north of the eastern city of Al-Hassakeh Considering the troubles in Syria and the attitude of its authorities, the press freedom organization calls on journalists additionally to prepare their trip carefully, assess the risks and exercise caution.Reporters Without Borders reminds them that specialized medical and repatriation insurance is available, including schemes developed by this organization with the insurance company April International Canada.The organization urges news organizations that use the services of freelance journalists to meet the cost of their insurance, or to take account of it in their payment rates. The profession as a whole must be more careful about the safety of journalists, who are carrying out an essential job of reporting the news from the world’s hot spots. Click here to see Reporters Without Borders’ safety resources for journalists travelling abroad.last_img read more

Severe weather brings major flash flooding to South this weekend

first_imgABC News(NEW YORK) — Strong storms are expected this weekend in the South, with flooding rain, large hail and gusty winds in the forecast from southern Texas to the Florida panhandle.A stationary front will stall along the South Saturday and over 6 million people will be impacted by strong thunderstorms.A flash flood watch is in effect through Saturday afternoon from Louisiana to Alabama.After receiving up to 6 inches of rain from Friday’s storms, another 2-4 inches are possible Saturday in Mississippi. Higher amounts of rain are expected, locally, across parts of Louisiana, Alabama and Mississippi.Meanwhile in the Northeast, behind this spring Nor’easter, there is much cooler air. Temperatures in the 20s-40s across the Northeast Saturday morning.High temperatures will be in the 50s/60s Saturday with a warmer trend Sunday through Tuesday.Watch for another frontal system to bring heavy rain, gusty winds and snow banding in the higher elevations by Wednesday.Friday’s spring snow brought over a foot of snow in the Northeast and central Rockies.Multiple rounds of heavy snow hit areas from Montana to Kansas Friday. Conditions dry out Saturday, with more snow expected early next week across the central Rockies.Copyright © 2021, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

The Antarctic ozone hole during 2013

first_imgWe review the 2013 Antarctic ozone hole, making use of various ground-based, in-situ and remotely-sensed ozone measurements, ground-based measurements of ultraviolet radiation and meteorological reanalyses. Based on analysis of 34 years of satellite records spanning 1979-2013 (which excludes 1995), we find that in terms of maximum area, minimum ozone level and total ozone deficit, the ozone hole in 2013 was typical of other years of moderate ozone loss. The estimated integrated ozone mass effectively depleted within the ozone hole of 2013 was approximately 1037 Mt, which was the 17th largest deficit on record and 41% of the peak deficit observed in 2006. Anomalously cold winter temper-atures in the lower stratosphere over Antarctica and concurrent strong and stable vortex conditions favoured the potential for strong ozone depletion in 2013. However, anomalous warming of the polar vortex that occurred from late Au-gust limited the overall severity of ozone depletion during spring, and resulted in the relatively early breakup of the ozone hole in mid-November.last_img read more